Icon HelpCircleForumIcon Link


Icon HelpCircleForumIcon Link

Icon LinkLayer 1 Relayer/Bridge Protocol

The Fuel relayer/bridge protocol is a set of rules that govern the interaction between the Fuel blockchain and the Layer 1 (L1) blockchain (e.g. Ethereum).

The Fuel blockchain can emit messages that will be processed by the smart contract on the L1 blockchain. The smart contract on the L1 can also emit events that will be processed by the Fuel blockchain. This is used to move any data between the L1 blockchain and the Fuel blockchain.

Icon LinkFuel Message Outbox

The message outbox is the set of messages sent to the L1 blockchain from the Fuel blockchain.

Icon LinkFuel Event Inbox

The event inbox is the set of events received from the L1 blockchain by the Fuel blockchain.

The block producer will receive a list of events from the L1 by some relayer, and then include the merkle root of the events in the block header.

There are two types of events that can be received from the L1:

  1. Messages
  2. Transactions

Icon LinkMessages

An arbitrary message sent from the L1 to the Fuel blockchain. This can be used to move assets from the L1 to the Fuel blockchain or send other arbitrary information to the Fuel blockchain.

senderbytes[32]The identity of the sender of the message on the L1
recipientbytes[32]The recipient of the message on the Fuel Blockchain
noncebytes[32]Unique identifier of the message assigned by the L1 contract
amountuint64The amount of the base asset transfer
databyte[]Arbitrary message data

Icon LinkTransactions

These are transactions that are submitted on the L1 that must be executed on the Fuel blockchain. This "Forced Transaction Inclusion" is a security feature that allows participants of the Fuel Blockchain to access their funds in the (unlikely) event that the Fuel blockchain block production is compromised or malicious, e.g. the block producer is censoring transactions.

noncebytes[32]Unique identifier of the transaction assigned by the L1 contract
max_gasuint64The maximum amount of gas allowed to use on Fuel Blockchain
serialized_transactionbyte[]The serialized transaction bytes following canonical serialization

The serialized_transaction can be any transaction variant except the Mint transaction, which is only ever created by the block producer. Mint transactions will be rejected by the Fuel blockchain if they are relayed from the L1.

Icon LinkOrdering

It is important that the L1 events are ordered correctly when they are relayed to the Fuel blockchain. The events will be ordered by the L1 block height and then by the index of the event within the block.

The order is important because a merkle root will be generated each time events from L1 are included in a Fuel block. This merkle root can later be used to prove that an arbitrary event was included on that block without having to store every event on the block header explicitly. Just the merkle root will be on the block header . The order of the events affects the value of the merkle root.