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Unit Conversion

Icon LinkUnit conversion

Internally, we use Arbitrary-precision Icon Link arithmetic (also known as Big Number arithmetic) to allow for the handling of large numbers and different assets.

On the Fuel network, we work with 9 decimals to represent amounts under a unit. This differs from chain to chain, so it is important to know the number of decimals used on the chain you are working with.

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Note: The package @fuels/assets Icon Link provides a list of assets and their decimals.

Below we will go over some common use cases for unit conversion.

Using our BN class we can instantiate these numbers.

// #import { BN };
const result = new BN('100000000').toString();
// "100000000"

Or using our bn utility function.

// #import { bn };
const result = bn('100000000').toString();
// "100000000"

Icon LinkContract calls

Generally, we will need to convert u64 and u256 numbers to a BN object when passing them to a Sway program from JavaScript. More information on this can be found here .

const MAX_U64 = bn('18446744073709551615');
const { value } = await contract.functions.echo_u64(MAX_U64).call();
// "18446744073709551615"
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Note: If a contract call returns a number that is too large to be represented as a JavaScript number, you can convert it to a string using the toString method instead of toNumber.

Icon LinkParsing

Parsing string-represented numbers (from user input) has never been easier, than using the parseUnits function.

const result = bn.parseUnits('0.000000001').toString();
// "1"

We can parse large numbers.

const result = bn.parseUnits('100100').toString();
// "100100000000000"

Or numbers formatted for human readability.

const result = bn.parseUnits('100,100.000200001').toString();
// "100100000200001"

We can also parse numbers in other units of measure.

// #import { bn, DECIMAL_GWEI };
const result = bn.parseUnits('1', DECIMAL_GWEI).toString();
// "1000000000"

Icon LinkFormatting

We can format common units of measure using the format function.

In the following example, we format a BigNumber representation of one Gwei, into units for the Fuel network (with 3 decimal place precision).

const oneGwei = bn('1000000000');
const result = oneGwei.format();
// "1.000"

We can also format numbers in other units of measure by specifying the units variable.

// #import { bn, DECIMAL_GWEI };
const twoGwei = bn('2000000000');
const result = twoGwei.format({ units: DECIMAL_GWEI });
// "2.000"

A precision variable will allow for the formatting of numbers with a specific number of decimal places.

const oneGwei = bn('1000000000');
const result = oneGwei.format({ precision: 1 });
// "1.0"

Icon LinkFormat units

The formatUnits function is a lesser alternative to the format function, as it will maintain the same precision as the input value.

const oneGwei = bn('1000000000');
const result = oneGwei.formatUnits();
// "1.000000000"

We can also format numbers in other units of measure by specifying the units variable.

// #import { bn, DECIMAL_KWEI };
const oneKwei = bn('1000000000000000');
const result = oneKwei.formatUnits(DECIMAL_KWEI);
// "1.000000000000000"

Icon LinkSee also